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Jean Ritchie, Singer Known As 'The Mother Of Folk,' Dies At 92


Jean Ritchie carried hundreds of songs in her head, and she used her crystal-clear voice to introduce those songs to hundreds of thousands of listeners. She was a teacher, record label owner and instrument maker who helped popularize traditional music from Appalachia. Jean Ritchie died yesterday at her home in Kentucky at the age of 92. NPR's Mandalit del Barco has this appreciation.

MANDALIT DEL BARCO, BYLINE: Jean Ritchie was born the youngest in a family of balladeers from the Cumberland Mountains of eastern Kentucky.


JEAN RITCHIE: Their family was (laughter) bigger than most. It's - Mom and Dad had 14 children and there was May (ph), Olly (ph), Matty (ph), Una (ph), Raymond (ph), Kitty (ph), Truman (ph), Patty (ph), Edna (ph), Jewel (ph), Opal (ph), Pauline (ph), Wilmer (ph), and Jean. I'm Jean.

DEL BARCO: She told NPR in 1985 they grew up singing ballads their grandparents taught them, songs they sang as they did their chores or at family gatherings.


RITCHIE: (Singing) Brightest and best of the sons of the morning.

DEL BARCO: Ritchie graduated from college Phi Beta Kappa and moved to New York City in 1947 to become a social worker at the famous Henry Street Settlement. There she taught some of the songs she knew to the children, and she came to the attention of folklorist Alan Lomax, who recorded her for the Library of Congress.


RITCHIE: (Singing) When you wake you'll have some cake and all the pretty little horses. Blacks and the bays and dapples and the greys, so go to sleep you little baby before the boogerman gets you.

DAN SCHATZ: Nobody was more important than Jean Ritchie in bringing the old songs to new audiences.

DEL BARCO: Folk musician Dan Schatz co-produced a tribute album to Ritchie.

SCHATZ: Songs that carried the tradition from England and Scotland and Ireland into the United States and into the mountains and very much shaped American music. I think Joan Baez called her the mother of folk.

DEL BARCO: Bob Dylan was a fan. Ritchie said anyone could sing.

SCHATZ: She didn't care who you were or how famous you were or what style of music you were making. She was unfailingly warm and encouraging.

DEL BARCO: Ritchie was a Fulbright scholar and helped launch the first Newport Folk Festival. She often sang acappella, but she also introduced audiences to the mountain dulcimer and autoharp. And she wrote her own songs.


RITCHIE: (Singing) For I was born and raised at the mouth of the Hazard Holler. Coal cars roarin' and a rumblin' past my door. Now they're standin' rusty, rollin' empty and the L and N don't stop here anymore.

DEL BARCO: Whatever Jean Ritchie sang, she brought to it a part of her old Kentucky home. Mandalit del Barco, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

As an arts correspondent based at NPR West, Mandalit del Barco reports and produces stories about film, television, music, visual arts, dance and other topics. Over the years, she has also covered everything from street gangs to Hollywood, police and prisons, marijuana, immigration, race relations, natural disasters, Latino arts and urban street culture (including hip hop dance, music, and art). Every year, she covers the Oscars and the Grammy awards for NPR, as well as the Sundance Film Festival and other events. Her news reports, feature stories and photos, filed from Los Angeles and abroad, can be heard on All Things Considered, Morning Edition, Weekend Edition,, and
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